Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
This score is created by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history of all of your loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle/boat loans, credit cards, and others.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to build a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Your FICO score affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Is there any way to raise your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report; this is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Know your FICO
To improve your FICO score, you must have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the original FICO score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call: 214-663-5355.